Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) kills over 160,000 individuals every year in the UK and is still the greatest cause of mortality in women. Furthermore, over 40,000 premature deaths, those in individuals under 75 years of age, are caused by CVD, with more than two thirds of these occurring in men.
CVDs are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause with an estimated 17.5 million people died from CVDs in 2012, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease and 6.7 million were due to stroke .
Study 1: Hypnosis Reduces Blood Pressure Short-Term and Long-Term
Effectiveness of Hypnosis in Reducing Mild Essential Hypertension: A One-Year Follow-Up
Results: The present study investigates the effectiveness of hypnosis in reducing mild essential hypertension. Results show that hypnosis is effective in reducing blood pressure in the short term but also in the middle and long terms.
Notes: Thirty participants who were suffering from mild essential hypertension were randomly assigned to either a control group (which did not receive any treatment) or a hypnosis group (where each person received 8 individually tailored hypnosis sessions).
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Vol. 55, Issue 1, 2007
By: M. C. Gay, Univ. of Paris, France
Study 2: Hypnosis Helps Lower Blood Pressure and Reduces Need for Blood Pressure Medicine Following Hospitalization
Pilot study of the effect of self-hypnosis on the medical management of essential hypertension.
Results: On follow-up, the hypnosis group showed greater downward change in diastolic blood pressure than the monitored group, with the attention-only group in between. Additionally, no subjects in the hypnosis group required upward titration of medications. The results suggest the value of adding self-hypnosis to the standard medical treatment for hypertension.
Notes: Medical patients diagnosed as hypertensive whose blood pressures were normalized while they were hospitalized were often found to require upward titration of medication upon follow-up as outpatients. Self-hypnosis was taught to one group of hospitalized patients; a second group received equal attention and time to relax without the specified procedure; and a third group was monitored with no intervention.
Stress Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 4, Pages 243-247, October 1999
By: Richard Raskin Ph.D., Charles Raps Ph.D., Frederic Luskin Ph.D., Pace University, New York, USA, Veteran’s Hospital, Northport, USA, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford, USA, Private Practice, Roslyn, New York, USA
Study 3: Hypnosis and Biofeedback for Hypertension
The use of hypnosis and biofeedback procedures for essential hypertension.
Results: Hypnosis only and biofeedback only procedures were both capable of providing significant lowering of diastolic pressure. However, in intergroup comparisons, the hypnosis only procedure showed the most impressive effect. Unexpectedly, the procedure of combining hypnosis and biofeedback into one technique was as ineffective as the measurement only procedure.
Notes: In an attempt to evaluate a procedure combining 2 techniques, hypnosis and biofeedback, which might effect significant changes in diastolic blood pressure in essential hypertensives, subjects were placed in 1 of 4 groups: hypnosis only, biofeedback only, hypnosis and biofeedback combined, or measurement only. The first phase-training sessions and brief follow-ups (1 week and 1 month) of the long-term study with 6 monthly followup periods, was evaluated.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Vol. 25, Issue 4, 1977
By: Howard Friedman and Harvey A. Taub, Syracuse Veterans Administration Hospital and State University of New York Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, New York, USA